6 14 Rob Minkoff replaced Scribner, 13 and producer Don Hahn joined the production as Schumacher became only an executive producer due to disney promoting him to vice President of development for feature Animation. 11 Hahn found the script unfocused and lacking a clear theme, and after establishing the main theme as "leaving childhood and facing up to the realities of the world asked for a final retool. Allers, minkoff, Chapman and Hahn then rewrote the story across two weeks of meetings with directors Kirk wise and Gary Trousdale, who had just finished beauty and the beast. 13 The script also had its title changed from King of the jungle to The lion King, as the setting was not the jungle but the savannah. 6 The lion King was the first Disney animated feature to be an original story, rather than be based on an already existing work. The filmmakers have said that the story of The lion King was inspired by the lives of Joseph and Moses, from the bible, and William Shakespeare 's Hamlet. 15 During the summer of 1992, the team was joined by screenwriter Irene mecchi, with a second screenwriter, jonathan Roberts, joining a few months later.
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6 The idea was then developed by walt Disney feature Animation 's vice president for creative affairs Charlie fink. 7 Katzenberg decided to summary add elements involving coming of age and death, and ideas from personal life experiences, such as some of his trials in his bumpy road in politics, saying about the film, "It is a little bit about myself." 8 In november. 7 The original version of the film was very different from the final film. The plot was centered in a battle being between lions and baboons with Scar being the leader of the baboons, rafiki being a cheetah, 8 and Timon and Pumbaa being Simba's childhood friends. Simba would also not leave the kingdom but become a "lazy, slovenly, horrible character" due to manipulations from Scar, so simba could be overthrown after coming of age. By 1990, producer Thomas Schumacher, who had just completed The rescuers Down Under, decided to attach himself to the project "because lions are cool". 7 Schumacher likened the script for King of the jungle to "an animated National geographic special". 11 Oliver company director george Scribner was the initial director of the film, 12 being later joined by roger Allers, who was the lead story man on beauty and the beast in October 1991. 6 Allers brought with him Brenda Chapman, who would become the head of story. 7 Afterwards, several of the lead crew members, including Allers, Scribner, hahn, Chapman, and production designer Chris Sanders, took a trip to hell's Gate national Park in Kenya, in order to study and gain an appreciation of the environment for the film. 13 After six months of story development work Scribner decided to leave the project, as he clashed with Allers and the producers on their decision to turn the film into a musical, as Scribner's intention was of making a documentary-like film more focused on natural.
4 Whoopi goldberg as Shenzi, the sassy and short-tempered database female leader of the trio. Cheech Marin as Banzai, an aggressive and hot-headed hyena prone to complaining and acting on impulse. Jim Cummings as Ed, a dim-witted hyena who does not talk, only communicating through laughter. Cummings also voiced a mole that talks with zazu and made a guest appearance as Scar in certain lines of " be prepared " after Irons blew his voice. 5 zoe leader as Sarafina, nala's mother, who is shown briefly talking to simba's mother, sarabi. Brian Tochi as Fighting hyena (uncredited) Production development The idea for The lion King was conceived in late 1988 during a conversation between Jeffrey katzenberg, roy. Disney and Peter Schneider on a plane to europe to promote Oliver company. During the conversation, the topic of a story set in Africa came up, and Katzenberg immediately jumped at the idea.
4 Robert guillaume as Rafiki, an parts old baboon (with mandrill markings 3 ) who serves as shaman of the Pride lands and presents newborn cubs of the king and queen to the animals of the Pride lands. James Baxter served as the supervising animator for Rafiki. 4 Rowan Atkinson as zazu, a hornbill who serves as the king's majordomo (or "Mufasa's write little stooge as Shenzi calls him). Ellen woodbury served as the supervising animator for zazu. 4 Madge sinclair as Sarabi, mufasa's mate, simba's mother, and the leader of the lioness hunting party. Russ Edmonds served as the supervising animator for Sarabi. 4 The three spotted hyenas who serve scar were animated by Alex Kupershmidt and david Burgess.
Tony fucile served as the supervising animator for Mufasa. 4 moira kelly as Nala, simba's best friend and later his wife. Sally Dworsky provided her singing voice. Aaron Blaise and Anthony de rosa respectively served as the supervising animators for young and adult Nala. 4 niketa calame provided the voice of young Nala while laura williams provided her singing voice. 4 Nathan Lane as Timon, a wise-cracking and self-absorbed yet somewhat loyal meerkat who becomes one of Simba's best friends and adoptive parents. Michael Surrey served as his supervising animator. 4 Ernie sabella as Pumbaa, a naïve warthog who suffers from flatulence and is Timon's best friend and also becomes one of Simba's best friends and adoptive parents. Tony bancroft served as his supervising animator.
The, lion, king, movie, review film Summary (1994) roger
Scar begs for mercy and attempts to blame the hyenas for his actions; Simba spares his life, but orders him to leave the Pride lands forever. Scar attacks his nephew, but Simba manages to toss him from the top of the rock. Scar survives the fall, but is attacked and killed by the hyenas, who hoot overheard his attempt to betray them. With his enemies gone, simba takes over the kingship as the rains begin to fall, restoring life to the land. Later, with Pride rock restored to its former glory, rafiki presents Simba and Nala's newborn cub to the assembled animals, continuing the circle of life. Cast main article: List of characters in The lion King A promotional image of the characters from the film. From left to right: Shenzi, scar, Ed, banzai, rafiki, young Simba, mufasa, young Nala, sarabi, zazu, sarafina, timon, and Pumbaa matthew Broderick as Simba, son of Mufasa and Sarabi, who grows up to become king of the Pride lands.
Rock singer Joseph Williams provided adult Simba's singing voice. Mark henn and Ruben. Aquino respectively served as the supervising animators for young and adult Simba. 4 Jeremy Irons as Scar, mufasa's younger brother and Simba's uncle, who takes the throne. Andreas Deja served as the supervising animator for Scar. 4 James Earl Jones as Mufasa, simba's father, king of the Pride lands as the film begins.
He orders the hyenas to kill the cub, but Simba escapes. Scar tells the pride that both Mufasa and Simba were killed in the stampede and steps forward as the new king, allowing his three hyena minions and the rest of their large pack to live in the Pride lands. Simba collapses in a desert and is rescued by timon and Pumbaa, a meerkat and warthog who are fellow outcasts. Simba grows up in the jungle with his two new friends, living a carefree life under the motto " hakuna matata " no worries" in Swahili ). Now a young adult, simba rescues Timon and Pumbaa from a hungry lioness who turns out to be nala.
She and Simba reunite and fall in love, and she urges him to return home, telling him the Pride lands have become a drought-stricken wasteland under Scar's reign. Feeling guilty over his father's death, simba refuses and storms off. He encounters Rafiki, who tells him that Mufasa's spirit lives on in Simba. Simba is visited by the ghost of Mufasa in the night sky, who tells him he must take his rightful place as king. Realizing he can no longer run from his past, simba decides to return home. Aided by his friends, simba sneaks past the hyenas at Pride rock and confronts Scar. Scar taunts him over his role in Mufasa's death and backs him to the edge of the rock, where he reveals to simba that he murdered Mufasa. Enraged, simba pins Scar to the ground and forces him to reveal the truth to the rest of the pride. Timon, pumbaa, rafiki, zazu, and the lionesses fend off the hyenas while Scar, attempting to escape, is cornered by simba at the top of Pride rock.
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He tricks Simba and his best friend Nala—to whom Simba is betrothed—into exploring a forbidden elephants' graveyard, where they are attacked by three spotted hyenas who are in league with Scar. Mufasa is alerted to the online danger by his majordomo, the hornbill zazu, and rescues the cubs. Though angry with Simba, mufasa forgives him and explains that the great kings of the past watch over them from the night sky, from which he will one day watch over Simba. Scar sets a trap for his brother and nephew, luring Simba into a gorge and having the hyenas drive a large herd of wildebeest into a stampede that will trample him. He informs Mufasa of Simba's peril, knowing the king will rush to save his son. Mufasa saves Simba but ends up hanging perilously from the gorge's edge. Scar refuses to help Mufasa, instead sending him falling to his death. He then convinces Simba that the tragedy was Simba's own fault and advises him to flee the kingdom.
The lion King garnered two Academy Awards for its achievement in music and the golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture Musical or Comedy. The film has led to many derived works, such as a broadway adaptation ; two direct-to-video follow-ups—the sequel, The lion King II: Simba's Pride (1998 and the prequel/ parallel, the lion King 1 (2004 two television series, timon and Pumbaa and The lion guard ;. In 2016, the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant". A cgi remake of the film directed by jon favreau is scheduled for a july 19, 2019 release in the United States. Contents Plot In the Pride lands of Kenya, africa, a pride of lions rule over the animal kingdom from Pride rock. King Mufasa's newborn son, simba, is presented to the assembled animals by rafiki the baboon (with the colorful facial marking of a mandrill way ) 3 who serves as shaman and advisor. Mufasa shows young Simba the Pride lands and explains to him the responsibilities of kingship and the "circle of life" which connects all living things. Mufasa's younger brother, Scar, covets the throne and plots to eliminate mufasa and Simba so he may become king.
with Pocahontas, which wound up attracting most of Disney's top animators. Some time after the staff traveled to hell's Gate national Park in Kenya to research on the film's setting and animals, Scribner left production disagreeing with the decision to turn the film into a musical and was replaced by minkoff. When Hahn joined the project, he was dissatisfied with the script and the story was promptly rewritten. Nearly 20 minutes of animation sequences were produced at Disneys Hollywood Studios theme park in Florida. Computer animation was also used in several scenes, most notably in the wildebeest stampede sequence. The lion King was released on June 15, 1994, to a positive reaction from critics, who praised the film for its music, story, and animation. With a worldwide gross of 766 million, it finished its theatrical run as the highest-grossing release of 1994 and the second highest-grossing film of all time. It is also the highest-grossing traditionally animated film of all time.
Irene mecchi, jonathan Roberts, and, linda woolverton. Its original songs were written by composer. Elton John and lyricist, tim Rice, with a score by, hans Zimmer. The film features an ensemble voice cast that includes. Matthew Broderick, james Earl Jones, jeremy Irons, jonathan taylor Thomas, moira kelly, nathan Lane, ernie sabella, rowan Atkinson, robert guillaume, madge sinclair, whoopi goldberg, cheech Marin, and Jim Cummings. The story takes place in a kingdom of lions in Africa and was influenced by william Shakespeare 's Hamlet. The lion King tells the story of Simba, a young lion who is to succeed his golf father, mufasa, as King of the Pride lands; however, after Simba's uncle Scar (Mufasa's jealous younger brother murders Mufasa, simba is manipulated into thinking he was responsible and flees. Upon maturation living with two wastrels, simba is given some valuable perspective from his childhood friend, nala, and his shaman, rafiki, before returning to challenge Scar to end his tyranny and take his place in the circle of Life as the rightful King. Development of The lion King began in 1988 during a meeting between Jeffrey katzenberg, roy.
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This article is about Disney's 1994 film. For the upcoming about 2019 film of the same name, see. The lion King (2019 film). For the franchise as a whole, see. The lion King (franchise). For other uses, see, the lion King (disambiguation). The lion King is a 1994 American animated epic musical film produced by, walt Disney feature Animation and released. It is the 32nd, disney animated feature film, and the fifth animated film produced during a period known as the. The lion King was directed by, roger Allers and, rob Minkoff, produced by, don Hahn, and has a screenplay credited.