The odyssey book 11 summary

the odyssey book 11 summary

The Odyssey book 11 Summary - shmoop

The story is definite proof of his identity; Penelope cries and embraces him. Penelope resists Odysseus because she fears that the gods want to trick her into disloyalty; if that were true, her reticence would be resistance to the will of the gods. In her small way, penelope is choosing loyalty to her husband over piety, earthly honor over divine grace. Active, themes, piety, customs, and Justice ' data-html'true' data-placement'auto bottom' data-toggle'popover' data-trigger'hover' cunning, disguise, and Self-Restraint ' data-html'true' data-placement'auto bottom' data-toggle'popover' data-trigger'hover' glory and Honor ' data-html'true' data-placement'auto bottom' data-toggle'popover' data-trigger'hover' odysseus warns Penelope that he must make one more long, dangerous journey before they. According to the prophecy in book 11, he must travel to a land far from any sea, plant an oar, and sacrifice animals to poseidon. Finally they retire to bed. Before he leaves the following dawn, Odysseus tells Penelope to stay with her maids in her room, because men might come to avenge the suitors.

SparkNotes: The Odyssey: books 1011

Eurycleia tells Penelope that Odysseus has finally come home and killed best the suitors. The nurse mentions the telltale boar tusk scar on Odysseus's knee, but Penelope refuses to believe the story. She comes downstairs to speak to the stranger; he looks like odysseus but also like the mysterious beggar. As she considers the stranger in indecision, Odysseus tells Telemachus that the palace must look as though they are celebrating a wedding; he wants to keep secret the fact that he has killed most of the high-born young men in Ithaca. The scar is not proof enough for Penelope. Her suspicion is not cold-hearted, but just the opposite: she is so loyal to Odysseus that she fears betraying him in any way even accidentally. To be loyal, she has to act disloyal at first; to love him, she has to act as though she doesn't love him. Disguise, to many of the characters, is a circuitous route to sincerity. Active, themes, cunning, disguise, and Self-Restraint ' data-html'true' data-placement'auto bottom' data-toggle'popover' data-trigger'hover' athena changes Odysseus back into a handsome younger man. He chides Penelope for her cold welcome and tells the nurse that he will sleep alone. To test the stranger, penelope tells Eurycleia to bring him the bridal bed, but Odysseus cries out angrily that the bed cannot be moved because he built it around an olive tree.

In Frosts poem, how does supermarket he characterize youth? What imagery does he use to support this characterization? In comparison, which imagery does Homer use to depict nausicaas youth? In Frosts poem, there is a sadness associated with the loss of youth. In The Odyssey, nausicaas youth acts as a foil to Odysseus maturity. In what ways does Homer similarly suggest a sadness associated with Odysseus maturity? In other ways, how is Odysseus experience and maturity portrayed as something to be admired?

the odyssey book 11 summary

Book 11 - cliffsNotes

But, now dead, he would throw away all that glory just to be alive. Like menelaus, he has come to value glory less and less. He is still pleased to hear of his son's glory in battle, though; he can't give up glory entirely. Active, themes, glory and Honor ' data-html'true' data-placement'auto bottom' shredder data-toggle'popover' data-trigger'hover' cite This Page, choose citation style: mlachicago. Passage summary: Robert Frost (1874-1963) was one of the most popular and critically respected American poets in history. His poems frequently employ rural scenes from the new England countryside. Nothing Gold Can Stay, published in 1923, uses nature to describe aging and the inevitable course of time. When and How to pair: have students read the poem Nothing Gold Can Stay after reading The Odyssey book 6, which introduces the character of nausicaa and her encounter with Odysseus on the beach.

He advised Odysseus to keep some things hidden from his wife, and to arrive home in secret. Talking to his mother makes Odysseus long for home and family, but talking to Agamemnon makes him wary of that home. Though Odysseus loves his family, he must treat them with suspicion: he must employ cunning in dealing with friends and enemies both. One must always keep oneself partially hidden. Active, themes, cunning, disguise, and Self-Restraint ' data-html'true' data-placement'auto bottom' data-toggle'popover' data-trigger'hover' next Odysseus talked to Achilles, who said that he would rather be a slave on earth than a king in the land of the dead. Odysseus told him that his son, acted very bravely and killed many men, which pleased Achilles. Then the shades swarmed violently around him, wanting to talk to him. He ran back in fear to his ship, and they set sail. Achilles is a king in the underworld because of the glory he achieved while alive.

The Odyssey book 11 Summary - course hero

the odyssey book 11 summary

The Odyssey book 11 Summary analysis from LitCharts The

She herself died of grief and longing for Odysseus. He tried to put his arms around her, but each person time she dissolved at his touch. At this point Odysseus concludes his tale. It is late, and he asks the court again for passage home. The king and queen promise him many fine gifts if he stays on a little longer and ask him to describe the soldiers and heroes he met in the land of the dead. In the conversation with his mother, Odysseus must fully face the tragic consequences of his absence: while he has been seeking glory and adventure, his family help has suffered a great deal.

Throughout Odysseus's journey, we observe his desire for glory slowly give way to his desire for home; his encounter with his mother tips the scale toward home. We have seen him take responsibility for his soldiers, but we will soon see him shift that sense of responsibility to his family. His central value changes from glory to honor. Active, themes, memory and Grief ' data-html'true' data-placement'auto bottom' data-toggle'popover' data-trigger'hover' glory and Honor ' data-html'true' data-placement'auto bottom' data-toggle'popover' data-trigger'hover' odysseus describes the conversation he had with Agamemnon. The ghost discussed his wife's infidelity; he told Odysseus that her lover Aegisthus murdered him and his comrades right at the dinner table. His wife's behavior, he said, stained all women everywhere.

When Odysseus meets the ghost of his mother, we see the degree to which he is willing to sacrifice personal feeling to prudence and piety: he holds his own mother at bay in order to follow Circe's instructions. Active, themes, piety, customs, and Justice ' data-html'true' data-placement'auto bottom' data-toggle'popover' data-trigger'hover' cunning, disguise, and Self-Restraint ' data-html'true' data-placement'auto bottom' data-toggle'popover' data-trigger'hover' finally tiresias appeared. Once he drank the blood of the slaughtered animals, he told Odysseus that his journey home would be full of trouble: Odysseus had angered Poseidon by blinding Poseidon's son, the cyclops Polyphemus. The men will reach home, said Tiresias, if they leave the cattle of the sun unharmed. If they kill the cattle, odysseus will come home alone.


But before settling down in peace, he will have to make one more voyage to a land far away from any sea and make sacrifices to appease poseidon. Only then will his long travels come to an end. In Tiresias's prophecy, we see a certain logic in divine justice: the men have harmed something dear to the gods, so to save themselves they must refrain from harming something else dear to the gods (the cattle no matter the cost. And yet now the Odysseus and his men's fate has been told clearly, so is what happens to fulfill the prophecy fate or free will? Active, themes, fate, the gods, and Free will ' data-html'true' data-placement'auto bottom' data-toggle'popover' data-trigger'hover' piety, customs, and Justice ' data-html'true' data-placement'auto bottom' data-toggle'popover' data-trigger'hover' cunning, disguise, and Self-Restraint ' data-html'true' data-placement'auto bottom' data-toggle'popover' data-trigger'hover' odysseus asked Tiresias how to speak to the ghost of his. Odysseus let his mother drink the blood, and suddenly she recognized him. She told him that Penelope still grieved and waited for him, that his estate was still in Telemachus's hands, and that his father lived in poverty and solitude.

The Odyssey book 11: Summary"s

Odysseus continues telling his tale to Alcinous and the listing Phaeacians. When he and his men reached the entrance to the world of the dead, they did exactly as Circe said: they dug a trench, offered libations, and sacrificed a ewe and a ram. Thousands of ghosts father's appeared when the blood started flowing. The first ghost that approached them was Elpenor. He asked Odysseus to bury him and grieve for him properly when the crew returned to aeaea, and Odysseus gladly agreed. The next ghost was Anticleia, odysseus's mother, but Odysseus did not let even her approach the blood. Even ghosts in the land of the dead concern themselves with earthly custom: Elpenor cares above all that he receive proper burial rites.

the odyssey book 11 summary

Active, themes, fate, the gods, and Free will ' data-html'true' data-placement'auto bottom' data-toggle'popover' data-trigger'hover' piety, customs, and Justice ' data-html'true' data-placement'auto bottom' data-toggle'popover' data-trigger'hover' cunning, disguise, engineer and Self-Restraint ' data-html'true' data-placement'auto bottom' data-toggle'popover' data-trigger'hover' cite This Page. Choose citation style: mlachicago, tsykynovska, helen. "The Odyssey book.". "The Odyssey book." LitCharts. the Odyssey, book." LitCharts llc, september 15, 2013. Retrieved July 7, 2018. "The Odyssey book." LitCharts llc, september 15, 2013.

on second thought asks him to enter the town alone,. On the way to town, she says, Odysseus should turn into a grove near her father's estate and wait for the girls to reach town. Then he should walk into the palace, find the king and queen, and beg the queen for mercy. Odysseus does as she says; in the grove, he prays for Athena's protection. She hears his prayers, but she is too frightened of Poseidon to appear to Odysseus undisguised. Nausicaa shows good sense by honoring customs dictating proper behavior for unmarried young women. Because of her uncertainty about the stranger, nausicaa decides to let her more experienced parents make the final decision. Here, we see another possible reason for Athena's reticence: she does not want to provoke poseidon's anger. She does what she thinks is right but she uses cunning to avoid conflict.

He's a little apprehensive at first but he walks out toward them, shielding himself with leaves. All the apple girls except nausicaa run away at the sight of the naked, sea-briny man. Odysseus stands at a respectful distance, compliments her beauty, and begs her for help. The princess responds that zeus must have destined Odysseus for pain, but agrees to lead him to town, because it is customary to be friendly to strangers and beggars. Odysseus bathes, oils, and clothes himself, and Athena makes him very beautiful. The girls are amazed at the transformation; they give him food and drink. Athena not only brings the princess to the shore where Odysseus lies but makes her shouts loud enough to wake him: she is present in the smallest details. In the princess's response, we see two customs in conflict: on the one hand, one should assume that an unlucky person is hated by the gods and therefore does not deserve help; on the other hand, one should help strangers and beggars.

The Odyssey book 11 Summary and Analysis

As Odysseus sleeps, Athena flies to a phaeacian city where the princess nausicaa, daughter of the king Alcinous, lies sleeping. Disguised as a girl the princess's age, athena scolds her for the poor condition of her clothes, and suggests that they go to the shore to wash them. In the morning, the king gives her a wagon and a team of mules, the queen packs her a lunch and some olive oil for applying after bathing, and she goes with her maids to the beach where Odysseus lies sleeping. They wash the clothes, bathe, and oil themselves. As they wait for their clothes to dry they play games in the sun. Athena intervenes in Odysseus's fate, but indirectly instead of carrying Odysseus to the Phaeacian castle herself, or better yet winging him right to Ithaca, she acts by influencing another mortal. Moreover, she influences the princess in the disguise of a mortal: though her role in Odysseus's fate is very significant, she takes pains to mask that role whenever possible, muddying the question lined of whether those mortals act by free will or divine influence. Active, themes, fate, the gods, and Free will ' data-html'true' data-placement'auto bottom' data-toggle'popover' data-trigger'hover' cunning, disguise, and Self-Restraint ' data-html'true' data-placement'auto bottom' data-toggle'popover' data-trigger'hover' by athena's design, the girls romping wakes Odysseus.


The odyssey book 11 summary
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  1. Need help with book 6 in Homer's The Odyssey? Homer: The Odyssey - book 11 Summary and AnalysisThe rugged Pyrrhus Homer: The Odyssey - book 11 Summary and Analysis s The Odyssey video. 2 The Odyssey book summaries.11 book 11 Retrieved from Odyssey oldid23854. after reading The Odyssey, book 9, where Odysseus escapes the cyclops, in order to make connections between character and theme. This study guide and infographic for Homer's The Odyssey offer summary and analysis on themes, symbols, and other literary devices.

  2. Need help with, book 17 in Homer's, the, odyssey? Need help with, book 23 in Homer's, the, odyssey? Literature network » Homer » The Odyssey » Summary book xi literature network » Homer » The Odyssey » Summary book xi book 11 Odysseus. Librivox recording of The Odyssey, by homer (transl. The Odyssey is one of the two major ancient Greek epic poems (the.

  3. Need help with, book 11 in Homer's, the, odyssey? Check out our revolutionary side-by-side summary and analysis. Need help with, book 1 in Homer's, the, odyssey? Need help with, book 7 in Homer's, the, odyssey? Need help with, book 18 in Homer's, the, odyssey?

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